In particular, Central Pacific's attention was drawn to a new government railroad venture known as the Southern Pacific, chartered by Congress in 1866 to build rail lines from the San Francisco Bay area to San Diego, California, thence eastward to California's eastern boundary. Founded as an investment by these four men in 1861. At Lockport, New York, he became the leading partner in the firm of Hopkins and Hughes. The route lay south of the American River. His father and mother, William and Elizabeth (Vincent) Huntington, were of New England ancestry, their forebears having come from England at a nearly date. During the time Judah spent in the East, he visited many places, going as far west as Chicago, and he took pains to accumulate information regarding the latest data on railroads, such as grades, especially of lines that cross the Appalachian Mountains, notably the Baltimore and Ohio, which were examples of what could and should be done. In 1848, after the news of the discovery of gold in California had been verified, the firm shipped a consignment of goods to California by way of Cape Horn, and in March, 1949, Huntington started for California with $1,200 in his pockets. There were four children. He inspected the work already (lone, saw all the difficulties and decided that the summit tunnel alone would take three years to complete. Many stories have been told about his character and, as is usual, they have lost nothing in the telling. Incidentally, I might mention that Mr. Arthur Brown was in charge of all timber and bridge work and his duty was done so as not to cause delay to the grading and track laying. This type of contract, in which the contractor finances the work, nearly always breeds trouble, because the contractor invariably feels that lie may do as he pleases with the work. Theodore Judah, a civil engineer and one of the Central Pacific’s founders, figured out a pathway through California’s treacherous Sierra Nevada range, lobbied Congress to fund the transcontinental railroad, and in 1861 assembled a group of investors to finance it. When the Gold Rush started in 1849, Hopkins formed a company of twenty-six men, each of whom subscribed $500. In November a contract was given to an eastern firm of railroad builders, Robinson, Seymour and Company, who were paid $1,800,000, of which $800,000 was paid in capital stock and $700,000 in 10 per cent, twenty year bonds. The second in order of precedence of the four Associates was born in the village of Harwinton, Connecticut, on October 28, 1821, and died at his camp on Raquette Lake, New York, August 13, 1900. Evidence of the confidence he inspired may be seen in the cordial approval given the relocation of a part of the line by George Gray, the consulting engineer. It was then that Stanford conceived the idea of founding a university as a memorial to his lost son, and in the succeeding years the project took shape. Later he became bookkeeper for the firm of James Rowland and Company, and in time, manager of the firm. On the Central Pacific, Arthur Brown occupied that position during the building of the major portion of the line, so that when the unusual problem of the snow sheds in the higher reaches of the Sierra Nevada was encountered, it was he, as superintendent of bridges and buildings, who designed and superintended the work. Crocker was one of the group that formed the Central Pacific Railroad Company, but when he took the first contract for building the line out of Sacramento he resigned from the directorate. Burton Folsom, in The Myth of the Robber Barons, separates entrepreneurs of this time into two groups; the political entrepreneurs and the market entrepreneurs. He found investors for what became the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR). The convention, numbering over a hundred members, met in San Francisco on September 20, 1859, with Judah as a representative from Sacramento. Montague's first engineering employment came in 1852 when he was twenty-two years of age, on the Rock Island and Rockford Railroad. The Southern Pacific began in 1861 as a company called the Central Pacific, formed to build a railroad east … The results of the survey and the other examinations were embodied in a report by Judah dated at Sacramento October 1, 1861, to the president and directors of the Central Pacific Railroad, in which the merits of the route were discussed and the benefits from government assistance set forth. Strobridge, who lived with his wife in a box car along the line, but was everywhere on the road, gained the reputation of being a hard-driving, taskmaster, ruthless in his treatment of men, especially of the Chinese. Union Pacific Lays First Rail. He was not quite sixteen years of age, and his death was a stunning blow to the father. > Richard L. Wiltshire writes that this book The First Transcontinental Railroad (1950), which was actually finished by his daughter [Bertha Galloway Foster] (my grandmother) after Mr. Galloway's death in 1943. H. E. Huntington proved to be a man of ability and was active in the affairs of the railroad. He also succeeded to the position of treasurer of the railroad company, and in later years was a member of the successor group that managed the railroad. After selling the rest of his stock in the Union Pacific, Durant established a new railroad company, Adirondack Railroad. There were no children, but Huntington had adopted his first wife's niece, Clara Prentice, when she was less than a year old, and the child was raised as Clara Huntington. The Central Pacific Railroad was the company responsible for building the western segment of the transcontinental railroad. Construction started on January 8, 1863, when ground was broken at Sacramento. While people in the company had their suspicions, they were too afraid to approach him with these accusations. Clement continued on the location across Nevada and Utah, and in several letters Stanford, working from Salt Lake, mentions the work done by "Clem" over the Promontory Mountains. It was only natural that Mrs. Judah should see only the part that her dead husband played in the founding of the Central Pacific and voice some feeling against the men of the railroad company. Charles Cadwallader acted as chief engineer for the Contract and Finance Company, and J. M. Graham was his principal assistant from Cisco to Promontory. ["DOC" DANIEL W. STRONG] In 1860, Judah was in the mountains, making a reconnaissance of several routes, using a barometer to determine elevations. He sailed for the East on October 20. 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